Professor William Mathew Hale is an Emeritus Professor, and formerly Professor of Turkish Politics at the School of Oriental and African Studies, London University. He is a specialist on the politics of the Middle East, especially Turkey, in which he has been interested since his student days. He is author of The Political and Economic Development of Modern Turkey (London, Croom Helm, l981, 1984: reprinted, Routledge, 2015): Turkish Politics and the Military (London, Routledge, 1994): Turkish Foreign Policy 1774-2000 (London, Frank Cass, 2000, 2nd edn . 2002) 3rd edn Turkish Foreign Policy since 1774 (Routledge, 2012): Turkey, the United States and Iraq (London, Saqi Books, for London Middle East Institute, 2006) and Islamism, Democracy and Liberalism, The Case of the AKP (co-authored with Ergun Özbudun, Routledge, 2011). He has also authored a large number of papers on modern Turkish politics and history.