Reassessing the Impact of the Europeanisation on Civil Society of Turkey
Europeanization literature has recently incorporated studies of pre-accession effects on candidate countries, and several scholars brought significant contributions to conceptualizing mechanisms of the EU impact beyond the member states (Goetz 2005; Grabbe 2001; Schimmelfennig/ Sedelmeier 2005). However their model predominantly favors intergovernmental aspects and explains the compliance of governments in target states to the European model induced for EU membership. These observations are valid for Turkey, which is an acceding state to the EU. The agenda of EU-Turkey relations has been occupied with Turkey’s macro-political deficiencies in fulfilling the Copenhagen criteria (Diez et al 2005) and the analysis predominantly remained at the institutional level.